This room presents the first three centuries (1000–1301) of the Kingdom of Hungary, namely the period during which the country was ruled by monarchs drawn from the House of Árpád. Many of the objects displayed here can be linked to rulers of significance, e.g. King St. Stephen (r. 1000–1038), the founder of the state; King St. Ladislaus (r. 1077–1095); and King Béla IV (r. 1235–1270). From the historical standpoint, the most important artefacts on show are the funerary insignia of King Béla III (r. 1172–1196), although these are, perhaps, not the most spectacular. The room also presents artefacts connected with the different layers of the feudal society then under consolidation, namely the secular and ecclesiastical aristocracy, the soldiers, and the peasantry. In addition, visitors can see objects from towns which developed during this period, as well as artefacts linked with the Cumans, a people who settled in Hungary after the Tatar invasion of 1241–42.

INTERESTING FACTS:

The ‘Latini’ (‘Latins’), i.e. traders and artisans from Italy, France, Flanders, and Wallonia who settled in the country, played a great role in the development of Hungary’s towns during the Arpadian age.
Known as aquamaniles, water vessels cast from bronze in human shape (head of a woman or man, hunter, centaur) or animal shape (horse, lion, griffin) were initially used by clergy for the washing of hands during Holy Mass. Later on, however, they also became popular among the secular aristocracy.
Made at the imperial court in Byzantium and discovered accidentally, the Monomachos crown is a unique artefact. Buried in the earth during the power struggles of the second half of the 11th century, it came to light during ploughing work in the fields around Nyitraivánka (Ivanka pri Nitre, Slovakia) in 1860.